SF Muni Hack a Wake-Up Call for Public Systems

The San Francisco Municipal Transportation Authority, or SF MTA, was hacked on Friday.

“You Hacked, All Data Encrypted,” was the message reportedly displayed on computer screens at the authority’s stations throughout the city. “Contact for Key (cryptom27@yandex.com)ID:681 , Enter.”

Fare payment machines at underground stations were out of order, resulting in free rides on the subway and light rail system known locally as “SF Muni.”

Some SF MTA employees’ email systems did not work, The San Francisco Examiner reported.

The MTA locked its subway fare gates in an open position to enable free riding, according to the paper.

The agency was hit by a ransomware attack that disrupted some of its internal computer systems, including email, according to spokesperson Kristen Holland.

The attack didn’t affect transit service or buses, she noted. Neither customer privacy nor transaction information were compromised, and the situation was contained.


All About the Dough

A person at the email address provided by the hacker, who identified himself as “Andy Saolis” to the Examiner, demanded 100 bitcoins — equal to about US$73,000 — to release data captured from the MTA.

The MTA payment system was inaccessible over the weekend, according to the Examiner, and employees were concerned that the personal data of the agency’s nearly 6,000 employees was at risk.

Saolis indicated the attack was “for money, nothing else.”

“Andy Saolis” is the name used by the attacker who launched a full disk encryption ransomware package that Morphus Labs discovered earlier this year and dubbed “Mamba.”

Open Muni

The MTA’s network was penetrated after an employee downloaded a torrented computer file that contained a software key code generator, Saolis reportedly said. That automatically launched an admin-level infection.

The SFMTA network was very open, he maintained.

Saolis threatened to close the email Monday if he hadn’t heard from the MTA, which would lock the agency’s infected computers out of its network permanently.

“It looks like the Muni scheduling and billing systems are running on the same machines as the employees’ email systems,” said Michael Jude, a program manager at Stratecast/Frost & Sullivan.

“This implies that the Muni operations are exposed to external attack,” he told the E-Commerce Times.

Muni “should have critical operations and management systems running in a secured environment, ideally one not exposed to outside access,” Jude suggested.

The Very Real Public Threat

Penetrations of this sort “can easily escalate to life-threatening events,” Jude warned. “Simply messing with route scheduling could lead to confusion or, possibly, collisions.”

Mass transit and passenger rail systems, including buses, light rail and subways, are one of the seven key subsections in the United States Transportation Systems Sector.

The U.S. Department of Homeland Security, which oversees the sector jointly with the U.S. Department of Transportation, has issued a cybersecurity framework implementation guidance and a companion workbook for owners and operators in the sector to help reduce cyber risks.

Keeping Transit Systems Safe

“The threat environment warrants evaluating security controls for any organization that relies on computer systems for providing a service or running a business,” said Tim Erlin, senior director of IT and security at Tripwire.

Ensuring adequate network separation “is a good first step,” he told the E-Commerce Times. “Other basic best practices include monitoring for and patching vulnerabilities, validating secure configurations are in place, and watching system logs for indications of malicious activity.”

Asus ZenFone 3S Max Launched at Rs. 14,999: Release Date, Specifications, and More

Asus has launched a new ZenFone 3 series smartphone in India on Tuesday – the ZenFone 3S Max (ZC521TL). The smartphone, named Asus Zenfone 3S Max (ZC521TL), has been priced at Rs. 14,999 and will be available from via both offline and online retail channels starting Tuesday itself in Black and Sand Gold colour variants.

Asus ZenFone 3S Max Launched at Rs. 14,999: Release Date, Specifications, and More

The highlights of the Asus ZenFone 3S Max (ZC521TL) are its metal unibody design made of aluminium, a fingerprint scanner on the Home Button that’s claimed to unlock the smartphone in under 0.5 seconds, apart from a 5000mAh battery that’s rated to deliver up to 3 days of normal usage, and is coupled with a reverse charging feature that allows the handset to be used as a power bank. Asus says the ZenFone 3S Max (ZC521TL) is a more powerful variant of the 5.2-inch Asus ZenFone 3 Max (ZC520TL).

Running ZenUI 3.0-based on Android 7.0 Nougat, the dual-SIM (Micro + Nano) Asus ZenFone 3S Max (ZC521TL) brings features such as ZenMotion Touch Gesture, Bluelight filter, Audio Wizard, and GameGenie over and above the improvements that Android 7.0 Nougat brings.

The Asus ZenFone 3S Max sports a 5.2-inch HD (720×1280 pixels) display with 2.5D curved glass and a brightness of 450-nits, and it’s powered by a 1.5GHz octa-core MediaTek MT6750 SoC that’s coupled with 3GB of RAM and the Mali T860 GPU.

As for optics, the new ZenFone 3S Max smartphone bears a 13-megapixel rear camera with an f/2.0 aperture, 5P Largan lens, PDAF, and dual-LED real-tone flash. Rear camera of the new Asus smartphone features include super resolution mode, low-light mode, panoramic mode, backlight HDR mode, and beautification mode. On the front, it sports an 8-megapixel camera with an 85-degree wide-angle lens – features include HDR, low-light mode, and beautification mode.

The ZenFone 3S Max comes with 32GB of inbuilt storage that’s expandable storage via microSD card (up to 2TB) in a hybrid dual-SIM design. Connectivity options on board include 4G LTE, Wi-Fi 802.11ac, Bluetooth v4.0, and GPS/ A-GPS. Asus is also touting a dual-microphone setup for noise cancellation, and an ICEpower-enhanced mono loudspeaker. It’s 8.5mm thick and weighs in at 175 grams.

LG Watch Sport, Watch Style User Manuals Spotted; Leaked Retail Packaging Tips Google Partnership

Ahead of the expected launch of Android Wear 2.0 on Wednesday, the user manuals for LG Watch Style and Watch Sport smartwatches have been leaked online. Apart from the user manuals, the retail packaging for the Watch Style variant has also been leaked and mentions the South Korean company’s partnership with Google to design the device.

The leaked user manuals for both LG Watch Style and Watch Sport, shared by Droid Life, do not reveal all device specifications but do mention features like Google Assistant, a digital crown for browsing through apps, and a USB Type-C charging dock.

lg watch sport story2 LG Watch Sport Story 2

LG Watch Sport
Photo Credit: Image via Droid Life

Google Assistant can be accessed by saying “OK Google” or pressing and holding the power button on the smartwatches. Both smartwatches will come with a rotating digital crown to help users browse through the apps but the Watch Sport, which has been tipped to be the higher-end variant, will come with two additional buttons. The function of these buttons can be customised, but by default the top-right button takes you to the Fit Workout app while the bottom-right button takes you to Android Pay by default.

The LG Watch Sport’s manual suggests that the smartwatch will come with a heart rate sensor, GPS, NFC support, and a barometer while LG Watch Style lacks these features. Notably, these specifications fall in line with earlier leaks regarding the smartwatches.

lg watch style story3 LG Watch Style Story 3

LG Watch Style
Photo Credit: Image via Droid Life

While the Watch Sport will come with a charging cradle, the Watch Style variant will use a flat charging pad. Both these charging pads will come with USB type-C port. The LG Watch Sport additionally comes with a removal tool to open the rear casing of the watch while putting the SIM card into the slot.

Apart from the user manuals, the retail packaging for LG Watch Style has also been leaked. The leaked packaging, obtained by GSMArena, interestingly says, “Designed with our friends at Google.” Although it was already tipped that Google has formed a Nexus-like partnership with LG to develop the smartwatches, it seems like the South Korean company will be displaying the search giant’s moniker right on the packaging of the smartwatches.

lg watch style retailpackaging gsmarena LG Watch Style Retail Packaging GSMArena

Photo Credit: Image via GSMArena

The LG Watch Style has been tipped to be priced by the company at $249 (roughly Rs. 17,000) while the pricing for LG Watch Sport is tipped to start from $349 (roughly Rs. 23,500). The Android Wear 2.0 wearable platform is expected to be launched alongside the two smartwatches on Wednesday.

Dell Launches New Alienware and Inspiron 7000 Gaming Laptops Ahead of CES 2017

Dell ahead of CES 2017 has launched the 2017 models of its Alienware laptops, as well as the new Inspiron 7000 Gaming laptops. Separately, the company also launched the Latitude 5285 2-in-1 for business customers.

Dell Launches New Alienware and Inspiron 7000 Gaming Laptops Ahead of CES 2017Starting with the Alienware offerings, Alienware 13 R3 (2017) laptop has been priced starting $999.99 (roughly Rs. 68,300), the Alienware 15 R3 (2017) laptop has been priced starting $1,199.99 (roughly Rs. 81,990), while the Alienware 17 R4 (2017) laptop has been priced starting $1,349.99 (roughly Rs. 92,300). All three will be available from Thursday, January 5 in the US.

As for the new Inspiron 7000 Gaming laptops, Dell has launched two models – the Inspiron 14 7000 Gaming and the Inspiron 15 7000 Gaming. For now, the company has only provided pricing and availability details of the latter, larger laptop, which starts at $799 (roughly Rs. 54,600) and will be available from Thursday in the US.

Getting back to the Alienware (2017) laptop models, the company says the new lineup features build materials such as anodised aluminium, magnesium allow, steel, and copper, making the laptops both strong and as lightweight as possible. Users can now also easily access laptop internals with the new bottom door mechanism, while Tobii IR Eye-tracking configurations will also be made available on the Alienware 17 model. The laptops all offer support for the Alienware Graphics Amplifier, which levers the power of an external graphics card. All three also feature the steel-reinforced Alienware TactX Keyboard with 4-zone multi-colour RGB lighting and AlienFX lighting controls (8 to 13 programmable zones).
dell alienware 15 r3 2017 dell

The new Alienware laptops also sport a brand new speaker design with “internal smart-amps” that monitor waveforms to ensure the entire thermal margin of the speakers is utilised. All configurations also include Killer Networks Ethernet and Wi-Fi connectivity. The designs are very similar to the third generation Alienware laptops unveiled in September last year, but coupled with the new seventh generation Intel Core ‘Kaby Lake’ processors. All three laptops ship with a choice of 64-bit Windows 10 or Windows 10 Pro. While the Alienware 13 and Alienware 15 feature a stereo speaker configuration, the Alienware 17 adds a sub-woofer. All three are only available in Epic Silver colour variants.

The Alienware 13 R3 (2017) comes in 13.3-inch HD (1366×768 pixels) TN display, full-HD (1920×1080 pixels) IPS display, and QHD (2560×1440 pixels) OLED display variants. Processor configurations include an Intel Core i5-7300HQ or Intel Core i7-7700HQ, with up to 32GB 2400MHz DDR4 RAM. As for graphics, the base model ships with Intel HD Graphics 630 + Nvidia GeForce GTX 1050 with 2GB GDDR5 video RAM, and goes up to GeForce GTX 1060 with 6GB GDDR5 video RAM.

While storage options on the Alienware 13 R3 (2017) start at 180GB M.2 SATA SSD, they go up to 1TB PCIe SSD (boot) + 1TB PCIe SSD (storage). Ports on board include Gigabit Ethernet, two USB 3.0 Type-A ports, one USB 3.0 Type-C port, one Thunderbolt 3.0 port, one Alienware Graphics Amplifier port, one HDMI 2.0 port, one Mini-DisplayPort 1.2, one audio out port, and one headphone port. It measures 330x269x22mm and has an average weight of 2.6kg. It sports a 76Whr battery with an 180W adapter.

The Alienware 15 R3 (2017) has 15.6-inch full-HD (1920×1080 pixels) IPS display, full-HD (1920×1080 pixels) 60Hz IPS display with Nvidia G-Sync, full-HD (1920×1080 pixels) 120Hz TN+WVA Nvidia G-Sync display, and UHD (3840×2160 pixels) IGZO IPS display variants. One can choose between an Intel Core i5-7300HQ, Intel Core i7-7700HQ, or Intel Core i7-7820HK processor, with up to 32GB 2400MHz DDR4 RAM. Base model graphics include Intel HD Graphics 630 + Nvidia GeForce GTX 1050 Ti with 2GB GDDR5 RAM, and go up to a Nvidia GeForce GTX 1070 with 8GB GDDR5 video RAM.

dell alienware 17 r4 2017 dell

The Alienware 15 R3 (2017)’s base model has a 180GB M.2 SATA SSD, one can opt for up to 1TB PCIe SSD (boot) + 1TB PCIe SSD (storage) + 1TB 7200RPM SATA HDD. Ports on board include Gigabit Ethernet, two USB 3.0 Type-A ports, one USB 3.0 Type-C port, one Thunderbolt 3.0 port, one Alienware Graphics Amplifier port, one HDMI port, one Mini-DisplayPort 1.2, one audio out port, and one headphone port. It measures 389x305x25.4mm and has an average weight of 3.49kg. It ships with a 68Whr battery and 180W adapter, though a 99Whr battery and 240W adapter is also an option.
The Alienware 17 R4 (2017) is offered in 17.3-inch full-HD (1920×1080 pixels) IPS display, full-HD (1920×1080 pixels) IPS display with Tobii IR Eye-tracking, full-HD (1920×1080 pixels) 120Hz TN+WVA Nvidia G-Sync display with Tobii IR Eye-tracking, and UHD (3840×2160 pixels) IPS display with Tobii IR Eye-tracking variants. Users have the choice of a quad-core Intel Core i7-7700HQ processors or Intel Core i7-7820HK processors, with up to 32GB 2400MHz DDR4 RAM. Base model graphics include Intel HD Graphics 630 + Nvidia GeForce GTX 1050 Ti with 2GB GDDR5 RAM, and go up to a Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080 with 8GB GDDR5X video RAM.

The base model of the Alienware 17 R4 (2017) comes with a 180GB M.2 SATA SSD, though options up to a 1TB PCIe SSD (boot) + 1TB PCIe SSD (storage) + 1TB 7200RPM SATA HDD configuration exist. Ports on board include Gigabit Ethernet, two USB 3.0 Type-A ports, one USB 3.0 Type-C port, one Thunderbolt 3.0 port, one Alienware Graphics Amplifier port, one HDMI port, one Mini-DisplayPort 1.2, one audio out port, and one headphone port. It measures 424x332x29.9mm and has an average weight of 4.42kg. It features a 68Whr battery with an 180W adapter, though a 99Whr battery with a 240W or 330W adapter can be chosen as welll.

dell inspiron 15 7000 gaming side dell

As for the Dell Inspiron 14 7000 and Inspiron 15 7000 laptops, the company calls them the most powerful Inspiron laptops ever. Dell says they are less than 1-inch in thickness, sport dedicated forward as well as rearward thermal vents, bear a subwoofer, provide Waves MaxxAudio Pro audio processing, and also come with an oversized service bay door on the bottom to simplify access to internal components. The new gaming laptops are said to “feature the most aggressive performance design and components offered within the entire Inspiron laptop family.” While both laptops ship with Windows 10, the Inspiron 15 7000 also comes with an Ubuntu option.

The Dell Inspiron 14 7000 and Inspiron 15 7000 share several specifications, such as the choice of processors – Intel Core i5-7300HQ and Intel Core i7-7700HQ – and up to 32GB of DDR4 RAM. The standard memory configuration is 4GB of DDR4 RAM. Other common specifications include Wi-Fi 802.11ac, Bluetooth v4.2, and Gigabit Ethernet connectivity, and the same ports – one HDMI 2.0, three USB 3.0 ports, one SD card reader, one Ethernet port, and a combo headphone and microphone jack. Both laptops will also be available in Matte Red or Matte Black colour variants.

Getting to the specifics, the Dell Inspiron 14 7000 only comes with a 14-inch full-HD (1920×1080 pixels) LED-backlit display, and no other display options. Apart from integrated Intel graphics, users will get the choice of GeForce GTX 1050 4GB GDDR5 video memory dedicated graphics. The base configuration sports a 128GB SSD with a 500GB 5400RPM HDD, going up to a 256GB SSD.

dell inspiron 14 7000 gaming side dell

The Dell Inspiron 14 7000 ships with a full-size spill-resistant keyboard, though users have the option to go in for a backlit keyboard (with Red colour available in some regions). It bears a 56Whr 4-cell battery and ships with a 90W adapter.

On the other hand, Dell Inspiron 15 7000 ships with a choice of 17.3 full-HD (1920×1080 pixels) LED-backlit display, full-HD (1920×1080 pixels) IPS Truelife LED-backlit touch display, or UHD (3840×2160 pixels) IPS LED-backlit display. Apart from integrated Intel graphics, users will get the choice of GeForce GTX 1050 with 4GB GDDR5 video memory or GeForce GTX 1050 Ti with 4GB GDDR5 video memory. The base configuration sports a 1TB 5400RPM HDD and goes up to a 512GB PCIe SSD.

The Dell Inspiron 15 7000 ships with a full-size spill-resistant keyboard with numpad, though users have the option to go in for a backlit keyboard (with Red colour available in some regions). It bears a 74Whr 4-cell battery and ships with a 130W adapter.

Dell Latitude 5285 2-in-1 Business Laptop Launched Ahead of CES 2017

Alongside the new Alienware laptops and Inspiron 7000 Gaming laptops, Dell unveiled the Latitude 5000 Series 2-in-1 ahead of CES 2017, with the Latitude 5285 2-in-1 laptop for business. Priced starting $899 (roughly Rs. 61,500), the laptop will be available from February 28.

Dell Latitude 5285 2-in-1 Business Laptop Launched Ahead of CES 2017The Dell Latitude 5285 2-in-1 offers the “ultimate in 2-in-1 mobility”, and is designed to be “powerful, secure and last all day.” Touting its light weight of less than 1.23kg including the optional travel keyboard and the power of a seventh-generation Intel Core processor, the company says the laptop offers the “the performance of a laptop and flexibility of a tablet.” The tablet half comes with an ‘auto-deploy kickstand’.

Specifications of the Windows 10-based Latitude 5285 2-in-1 include a 12.3-inch full-HD (1920×1080 pixels) touch display with Corning Gorilla Glass protection, and a choice of seventh-generation Intel Core processors (with U Dual Core or vPro options) coupled with Intel HD Graphics 620. The base model ships with 4GB of 1866MHz LPDDR3 RAM, going up to 16GB on request.

As for storage, Latitude 5285 2-in-1 users have a choice of up to 256GB M.2 SATA SSD, up to 1TB PCIe NVMe M.2 SSD, or up to 512GB PCIe OPAL M.2 SED. The tablet section features an 8-megapixel rear camera and a 5-megapixel front-facing camera. Ports on the tablet include two USB Type-C ports, one USB 3.0 port, 1 microSD card reader, 1 Micro-SIM slot (in some models), and a port for the travel keyboard.

The Latitude 5285 2-in-1 tablet weighs less than 910 grams and measures 292×208.8×9.76mm. Connectivity options on the base model include Wi-Fi 802.11ac and Bluetooth v4.1, and the company is offering optional mobile broadband with Qualcomm and Dell modems. Dell is also touting a stereo speaker configuration with Waves MaxxAudio Pro processing. Users have the option of a 31.5Whr or 42Whr battery, alongside the choice of a 45W or 65W adapter.

Optional security features for the Dell Latitude 5285 2-in-1 include an optional FIPS 201 Smartcard reader, touch Fingerprint reader, contactless SC Reader/NFC, Control Vault 2.0 Advanced Authentication with FIPS 140-2 Level 3 Certification, TPM2.0 FIPS 140-2 Certified, TCG Certified, as well as optional DellData Protection and Management Software such as Endpoint Security Suite Enterprise, Threat Defense, Protected Workspace, Secure Lifecycle, MozyPro, and MozyEnterprise.

Intel Launches ‘Kaby Lake’ 7th-Gen Core Processors, 2XX Chipsets for Desktops and Laptops

Intel has formally unveiled its 7th-gen lineup of desktops and laptop processors, codenamed ‘Kaby Lake’, ahead of CES 2017. The announcement follows the launch of lower-power 7th-gen variants in the second half of last year, which are already shipping in Ultrabooks and 2-in-1s. Today’s launch is aimed at gamers, enthusiasts, and mainstream PC users.

Intel Launches 'Kaby Lake' 7th-Gen Core Processors, 2XX Chipsets for Desktops and LaptopsThe lineup comprises of three Core i7 models, eight Core i5 models, and five Core i3 models, along with five low-end chips using the legacy Pentium brand name. At the top end is the Core i7-7700K with a 4.2GHz base speed, followed by the Core i5-7600K with a speed of 3.8GHz – both have TDPs of 91W. For the first time, there’s an unlocked Core i3 CPU, the i3-7350K which has two cores, a base speed of 4.2GHz, no Turbo Boost, and a TDP of 60W. The rest of the lineup is split into 65W and 35W SKUs.

intel core desktop processor die map intel

7th Gen Intel Core desktop processor die map
Kaby Lake is most notable for being an unplanned entry into Intel’s product roadmap. In mid-2015, the company announced that its 10nm manufacturing process would be delayed long enough to warrant the insertion of a whole new 14nm generation, thus breaking the two-year “tick-tock” cycle of alternating architectural refreshes and process shrinks. Kaby Lake is an “optimisation” step in the new “process-architecture-optimisation” strategy.

Intel says that by using a refined “14nm+” manufacturing process, performance gains can be squeezed out of each processor regardless of architectural changes. The main difference between Skylake and Kaby Lake processors is their integrated GPUs. Intel has introduced new acceleration blocks for HD and 4K video in the H.265, VP9 and HEVC formats, which greatly improve speed and reduce power consumption.

Desktop Kaby Lake processors are pin-compatible with Skylake, and should work in the same motherboards. Even so, new boards using the new 2XX platform controllers will hit the market alongside Kaby Lake. Intel has announced the Z270, which supports overclocking and multiple graphics cards; the H270 and H210 for mainstream and budget users respectively.

Reigns 2 Announced; Free Expansion for Reigns to Release in February

Reigns is one of the better games on Android and iOS we’ve played in awhile. So much so that it found itself on our Best Games of 2016 list. It appears that developer Nerial isn’t one to rest on its laurels.

Reigns 2 Announced; Free Expansion for Reigns to Release in FebruaryA sequel to Reigns, tentatively titled as Reigns 2 is in development, Nerial confirmed this in an interview with French YouTube channel The Nayshow. It will have you in role of a queen, a massive shift from the first game that only let you rule as a king. In order to make this work, Nerial has brought a writer on board to tackle what this change of perspective could present players.

Furthermore, Reigns itself will get a new expansion pack in February. Expect more content in way of cards, characters, and creatures to uncover.

 Reigns’ strength is the crisp and enjoyable writing that’s full of sly jokes, which play on your expectations and tell a novel story in a completely new way. It might be a choose-your-own-adventure novel by way of Tinder, but it’s a great match, and it feels incredibly comfortable on a mobile device — which is where it really shines.

Ever so often mobile games have been hamstrung by counter-intuitive interfaces and a degree of complexity that’s off putting, and this is one of the rare games that’s right at home on mobile platforms. More so when you realise that it uses smart aesthetics and presentation to essentially create a strategic resource management sim.

With a fresh perspective to Reigns 2, it will be interesting to see how Nerial improve on what seems to a fine-tuned formula. Hopefully we don’t have to wait too long to find out.

Using Stanozolol Nebo Winstrol V Gives Lean Muscles With Proper Doses For Men And Women

There are varied names of steroids that one can find and Winstrol is an anabolic steroid that is used to obtain muscles that are free of ungainly fat deposits. There are different cycles that one goes through and they use different types of steroids during these cycles. The Winstrol is used in the cutting cycles for losing the extra fat and water from the body. The Winstrol is a compound that is a type of Dihydrotestosterone and so it helps with loss of weight of the body. Most people consider this an integral part of the cutting cycle and are a must if you want to lose fat from your body.

Image result for Using Stanozolol Nebo Winstrol V Gives Lean Muscles With Proper Doses For Men And Women

Few side effects

The person who gets a hard look is the one who is using this Stanozolol nebo Winstrol Vor Winstrol to gain that pleasing results for his body. The dry look and the slim shape of the body show off that the person is using Winstrol. The compound Stannozolol is a near cousin of testosterone and is the most androgenic hormone that is introduced to the body.  You may find a little loss of the hair as side effect of using this cutting compound. You will find this an alkylated compound that must be taken orally and this causes dryness around all the joints too.

Lean muscles and strength

Find this magic compound Stanozolol – which is also called Winstrol V, to bring about the desired changes within your body. You should continue with the proper diet and regular body building regime for achieving the right kind of results. The main benefit of using Wintrol 50 is that it cuts the fat and keeps the muscles dry and lean. They give maximum strength to your muscles and enhance vascularity for the body that is mostly devoid of fat.  The body uses up the tissues that contain fat cells and thus decreases the fat level of the body.

Doses and time span for men

You can go for 50mg per day of Stanozolol if you are interested in body building and therefore can take this compound orally or through injection. The dose should not be more than 100mg per day. The injectable Stanozolol is active for about 45 – 48 hours and the oral form of the compound has a life of 8 – 9 hours only. This shows that taking it in injectable form is a better choice. The compound is also not capable to estrogen and so you do not need to take anti-estrogen with this compound.  This adds to the strength of the muscles and also adds more muscles to your body.

Women take lower dose

When you are giving the dose for women, you must not take an extreme dose for bringing about results but just take the normal dose. The quantity should be about 10mg for a day and the time span should not go above 4 weeks. The women also prefer tablets or drops of Stanozolol nebo Winstrol V over injections. These anabolic compounds bring about the development of male physical features for women. This is the reason why females are asked to use low doses of Stanozolol and avoid such issues. Dosing of Winstrol is something that serious and if you find any difficulties, you must understand the body is not ready for the dose. You should lower the dose and get the benefits to remain healthy and safe.

Apple, HP, Samsung, Others Pledge to Keep Children Out of Cobalt Mines

Separate groups of the world’s leading technology companies are launching two initiatives to curb “the worst forms of child labour” and other abusive practices in the supply chain for cobalt, a key ingredient in lithium-ion batteries that power smartphones, laptops and electric cars.

Apple, HP, Samsung, Others Pledge to Keep Children Out of Cobalt MinesAbout 60 percent of the world’s cobalt originates in the Congo, where hand-dug mines rife with dangers attract legions of poorly-equipped, “artisanal” miners who work for as little as $2 a day.

Apple, HP, Samsung SDI, and Sony have joined an effort, known as the Responsible Cobalt Initiative. It is being led by a Chinese business group, the Chinese Chamber of Commerce for Metals, Minerals & Chemicals, and supported by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), according to the group.

Members of the initiative pledged to follow OECD guidelines for mining supply chains, which call for companies to trace how cobalt is being extracted, transported, manufactured and sold. Any abuses would require immediate correction.

While advocacy groups have alleged for years that cobalt was posing deadly risks to miners and causing environmental damage, eradicating the worst abuses has proven difficult because tracing cobalt in consumers products back to the mines involves global leaps – from Africa to China to world markets – and across many companies.
The Washington Post earlier this year published an investigation detailing abuses in Congo’s artisanal cobalt supply chain, showing how miners – including children – worked in dangerous, at times deadly conditions as they tunneled hundreds of feet underground for dollars a day to reach this precious mineral. The article also showed the potential health effects, including birth defects, that medical researchers have begun to connect to the mining activity. The Post for the first time connected this troubling artisanal cobalt trade with the batteries used by some of the world’s largest technology companies, including Apple.

Apple acknowledged that this cobalt has made its way into some of its batteries and said it was committed to working with its supplier to addressing underlying issues, such as extreme poverty, that result in harsh work conditions and child labor.

The role of the Chinese business organization in the new initiative is considered a key advantage – the bulk of the supply chain runs through that country. Several companies with key roles in refining and packaging the mineral for batteries have joined the initiative, including Zhejiang Huayou, a Chinese company that buys cobalt from Congo miners, and which was featured in The Post’s coverage.

“The problem cannot be fixed by one company. So I think it’s great, surprising even, that so many companies have come together,” said Bryce Lee, Huayou’s new manager for responsible sourcing.

The new initiative is “a very positive sign of change, ” said Tyler Gillard, project head for the OECD. “Such strong involvement of Chinese industry in particular is uncommon for these types of initiatives, and really exciting.”

Collectively, the group is aiming to promote cooperation with the government of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Separately, a business group known as The Electronic Industry Citizenship Coalition announced a new “Responsible Raw Materials Initiative.”

The EICC said companies need to expand scrutiny of their supply chains beyond the traditional four “conflict” minerals covered by U.S. legislation — tin, tungsten, tantalum and gold. These minerals, when taken from the Congo region, receive extra attention because of potential ties to funding militias.

The EICC said the decision to begin looking at other minerals was motivated by “a growing body of research” – including work by advocacy groups and The Post — that showed abuses occurred in the production of other minerals, too.

Bob Mitchell, EICC vice president for social and environmental responsibility, said one of the minerals the initiative is considering is cobalt from Congo.
The EICC announced its new “Responsible Raw Materials Initiative” last month, just before the start of a United Nations forum on business and human rights.

Membership in the EICC includes Apple, Dell, Foxconn, Ford Motors and other companies, and at least 16 EICC-member companies have signed pledges to support the new initiative, Mitchell said.

Exactly what to do about the artisanal mining of cobalt is a matter of heated debate. The practice is rife with dangers. On the other hand, it also helps desperately poor people to make a living, particularly in the rural areas of the DRC.

Some longstanding critics of the cobalt supply chain view the Responsible Cobalt Initiative merely as a good first step.

“Implementation is obviously what it’s all about,” said Mark Dummett, an Amnesty researcher who has studied the cobalt supply chains. “We’d now like to see the downstream companies like Apple and Samsung disclose the names of their cobalt smelters as well as disclose the risks they have identified in their supply chains.”

Companies said a collective effort such as this is required to eradicate any abuses in the cobalt supply chain.

“HP recognizes that in order to build leverage over supply chain actors that we do not have a direct business relationship with, we need to work with other companies and organizations to drive collective action,” Jay Celorie, HP Global Program Manager, Human Rights, Ethics and Compliance, said in a statement.

Other companies, such as Tesla and LG Chem, said they are weighing membership in the Responsible Cobalt Initiative or undertaking other ways of ensuring that their supply chains are clean and humane.

“We are evaluating a number of new international initiatives to address the issues in cobalt production and are working quickly to determine how Tesla can be most effectively involved,” a Tesla spokesperson said in a statement.

Other industry groups are responding to complaints about the cobalt supply chain, too.

Last week, Umicore, a large Brussels-based maker of battery parts and other cobalt products, announced that the auditing firm Pricewaterhouse Coopers had validated the safeguards it has in place to prevent the use of any cobalt arising from questionable environmental or labor practices. Among other things, the company seeks to be able to trace the origins of every bit of cobalt that goes into its products.

Company officials said that seeking the third-party validation of their cobalt procedures should ease the concerns of the consumer companies that are their customers.

“Our customers have valuable brands to protect,” said Marc Van Sande, executive vice-president of a company business unit said. This “approach provides comfort to customers about the provenance and the ethical nature of the cobalt used in the materials they source.”

Over 70 Percent Rural Citizens Have Adopted E-Wallets, Says IT Ministry

More than 70 percent of rural citizens have adopted the methods of e-wallets followed by Unified Payment Interface (UPI) payment option, the Electronics and IT Ministry said today.

Over 70 Percent Rural Citizens Have Adopted E-Wallets, Says IT Ministry“An overview of the current data available with the Ministry of Electronics & IT (MeitY) shows that more than 70 percent rural citizens have adopted the methods of e-wallets, 16 percent opted for Unified Payment Interface (UPI),” the ministry said in a release.

Rest of the people looked at Unstructured Supplementary Service Data (USSD), Aadhaar Enabled Payment System (AEPS) & Cards or Point of Sale(PoS).

Similarly, more than 85 percent of the merchants have adopted the e-Wallet system and 13 percent have opted for UPI, the statement said.

“The speed and scale at which digital transformation in taking place in India is paving the way for a digitally empowered, participative and inclusive society,” MeitY Secretary Aruna Sundararajan said.

Under its Digital Payments awareness and training programme, the Ministry said that Common Service Centre (CSC) network, which provides government service in rural area, has enrolled over 25 lakh rural citizens for digital payments.

“Achieving the 25 lakh mark in such a short time is an indication of the pace at which digital adoption is gaining momentum among rural citizens,” Sundararajan said.

Over 55,000 merchants have started offering digital payment options to rural customers across various districts and blocks in India,” the statement said.

The DigiDhan Abhiyan aims to reach over 1 crore rural citizens through this massive outreach programme. The campaign aims to cover 2 lakh Common Service Centres (CSC) in rural and semi-urban areas and also reach out to 2.5 lakh Gram panchayats across the country. The centres will cover one member from each household and will cater to 40 households in a catchment area.